Facts and statistics

This page provides information about:

  • the number of people who have become Australian citizens and where recent new citizens have come from
  • the number of applicants who have sat the citizenship test and the pass rates

Australian citizenship statistics

More than 5 million people have become citizens since Australian citizenship was introduced in 1949.

Former nationality or citizenship

In 1949, during the inaugural year of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948, Australian citizenship was granted to 2493 people from just over 35 different nationalities. The top 5 nationalities (and number of grants) at that time according to the Australian Yearbook 1953, ABS were:

  • Italian (708)
  • Polish (597)
  • Greek (276)
  • German (225)
  • Yugoslav (80).

In 2015-16, a total of 133,126 people become Australian citizens by conferral from at least 190 different countries.

The following table shows the number of people who were conferred as Australian citizens in 2015-16, according to their former nationality.

Former nationality
Persons
Per cent
India
21,989
17
United Kingdom
20,947
16
Philippines
8333
6
China, Peoples Republic of
6931
5
South Africa
5629
4
New Zealand
4390
3
Vietnam
4173
3
Ireland, Republic of
3943
3
Sri Lanka
3752
3
Pakistan
3077
2
Other
49,962
38
Total
133,126
100

Australian citizenship test statistics

The Australian Citizenship Test Snapshot Report is an annual publication that provides data on citizenship tests. Reports include the number of applicants who have sat the citizenship test, pass rates and country of birth analysis.

If you would like an alternative accessible format of these documents, email comms@border.gov.au.