Health examinations

You might be required to undergo health examinations as part of the visa application process. A report containing the results of these examinations will then be assessed to determine if you meet the health requirement.

Note: From 20 November 2015 new immigration health arrangements are in place. For information regarding how these changes might impact you and transitional arrangements, see Understanding immigration health changes for 20 November 2015.

Important: In addition to the standard health examination requirements explained below, additional health examinations can also be requested for applicants in certain countries where considered necessary to address public health and safety risks. For example, to help prevent the spread of Polio or Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) infection. For more information see: Threats to public health.

Permanent and provisional visa applicants

The table below outlines health examinations that you and any members of your family unit (whether migrating or not) will generally be required to undertake for your provisional or permanent visa application.

Aged under 2 yearsAged 2 or more but under 11 yearsAged 11 or more but under 15 yearsAged 15 or more years

Medical examination

  • Medical examination
  • Plus if you are from a higher risk country for TB or are applying for a refugee or humanitarian type visa - TB Screening test (TST or IGRA)**
  • Medical examination
  • Chest x-ray
  • Medical examination
  • Chest x-ray
  • HIV test

* If you have already undertaken your health examinations for a provisional visa which has already been granted, you are generally not required to undertake health examinations again at the permanent visa stage.

**Tuberculin Skin Test (TST); Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA).

Important: Additional health examinations may be requested where considered appropriate on clinical grounds. You will also be required to complete additional tests if you:

  • are aged 15 or over and are intending to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic in Australia (hepatitis B and C testing will also be required)
  • are aged 15 or over and applying for an onshore protection type visa (hepatitis B and C tests and syphilis testing will be required)
  • are aged 15 or over and applying for a refugee type visa (syphilis testing and additional tests where requested to address specific health risks will be required)
  • are pregnant and intend to have the baby in Australia (hepatitis B testing will also be required)
  • are a child for adoption or a child in the care of an Australian state or territory government welfare authority (HIV and hepatitis B testing is required)
  • have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.

Temporary visa applicants

If you are applying for a temporary visa, the type of health examination you need to undergo will depend on a number of factors including:

  • the type of visa that you are applying for
  • the length of your intended stay in Australia
  • your country level of tuberculosis risk as explained below
  • your intended activities in Australia
  • any special circumstances that may be applicable, and/or
  • the presence of any significant medical conditions.

If you have already lodged a visa application, you will be advised by our online systems or your case officer which health examinations you are required to complete.

If you have not yet lodged a visa application, the information provided below will help you determine what health examinations (if any) you are likely to be asked to complete.

Note: if you want to complete your health examinations before lodging a visa application, you will need to use our My Health Declarations service first which will tell you which health examinations (if any) are required based on the information in the tables below, and the information that you enter in your My Health Declarations form. Ensure you answer the questions in this form carefully so that the correct health examinations are generated for you where possible.

What health examinations are required for my temporary visa application?

The table below outlines the health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application. It is, however, important to be aware that:

  • if your health is considered to be of special significance, because you are undertaking certain activities in Australia, you will be required to complete additional health examinations as explained further below
  • if you have already been in Australia in the last 28 days, we include any time you have already spent in Australia when determining the length of stay for your new visa application from a health perspective, and
  • you might be required to complete additional tests if you have a specific health condition that is identified during your initial health examinations or as part of the visa application process.
The table below outlines health examinations that you will generally be required to undertake for your temporary visa application.
Country TB risk level #You intend to stay in Australia for less than six monthsYou intend to stay in Australia for six months or more
Countries which do not generally require immigration health examinations – see belowNo health examinations required unless special significance appliesNo health examinations required unless special significance applies

Countries which do require immigration health examinations – see below

No health examinations required unless special significance applies
  • Medical examination
  • Chest x-ray examination (if aged 11 years or over).
Any special significance requirements must be met

# The relevant country is your country of citizenship as evidenced by the travel document that you are using to apply for your visa unless you have spent more than three consecutive months in a country which does require health examinations (see below).

Which countries do not require immigration health examinations?

The countries below, which are lower risk in terms of TB, do not generally need to complete immigration health examinations for a temporary visa unless special significance applies:

Albania; American Samoa; Andorra; Antigua and Barbuda; Argentina; Aruba; Australia; Austria; Bahamas; Bahrain; Barbados; Belgium; Belize; Bermuda; Bonaire; Bouvet Island; Bulgaria; Canada; Cayman Islands; Chile; Christmas Island; Cocos (Keeling) Islands; Cook Islands; Costa Rica; Croatia; Cuba; Curacao; Cyprus; Czech Republic; Denmark; Dominica; Egypt; Estonia; Falkland Islands; Faroe Islands; Finland; France; French Polynesia; FYR Macedonia (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia); Germany; Gibraltar; Greece; Grenada; Guadeloupe; Heard and McDonald Islands; Hungary; Iceland; Iran; Ireland; Israel; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jordan; Kosovo; Kuwait; Lebanon; Lichtenstein; Luxembourg; Malta; Mauritius; Mexico; Monaco; Montenegro; Montserrat;  Netherlands; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New Zealand; Niue; Norfolk Island; Norway; Oman; Palestinian Authority; Pitcairn Island; Poland; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Reunion Island; Saint Eustatius & Saba; Saint Helena (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha); Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Lucia; Saint Martin (Dutch); Samoa; San Marino; Saudi Arabia; Serbia; Seychelles;  Slovakia; Slovenia; South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands; Spain; Svalbard & Jan Mayen; Sweden; Switzerland; Tokelau; Tonga; Trinidad and Tobago; Tunisia; Turkey; Turks and Caicos Islands; United Arab Emirates; United Kingdom (British citizen); United States of America; Uruguay; Vatican City; Virgin Islands (British); Virgin Islands (US);  Wallis and Fortuna Islands.

The countries list above is based on the World Health Organization (WHO) data and is included in a legislative instrument signed by the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection.

Which countries do require immigration health examinations?

Countries which are not listed above require health examinations to be completed where indicated in the table above. This is because they are considered higher risk in terms of TB.

Does special significance apply to me?

If one or more of the special significance situations in the table below applies to you, you will also generally be required to undertake the listed additional health examinations, subject to age considerations.

Special significance situationsAdditional health examinations required
You are from a higher TB-risk country and likely to enter a health care or hospital environment.Chest x-ray examination (if aged 11 or over) and a medical examination
You are pregnant and intend to have the baby in AustraliaHepatitis B test
You intend to work as (or study to be) a doctor, dentist, nurse or paramedic.Chest x-ray and medical examinations
HIV, hepatitis B and C blood tests
You are likely to work (or be a trainee) at an Australian childcare centre (including preschools and creches).Chest x-ray and a medical examination
You are aged 75 years or older and applying for a Visitor visa (subclass 600 and 676 only).Medical examination

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