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Australia's Immigration Programme has two components:
- Migration Programme for skilled and family migrants
- Humanitarian Programme for refugees and others in refugee-like situations.
This fact sheet provides details of Australia's Humanitarian Programme. Details of the Migration Programme are available in
Fact sheet - Migration Programme planning levels.
One of the major challenges facing the world today is protecting refugees who have been forced to leave their homes by armed conflict and human rights abuses.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) estimates that there were 59.5 million forcibly displaced people worldwide at the end of 2014, the highest number every recorded. Of these, 38.2 million were internally displaced persons, 19.5 million were refugees and 1.8 million were asylum seekers.
See: The UN Refugee Agency
As a member of the international community, Australia shares responsibility for protecting these refugees and resolving refugee situations. This commitment is most strongly expressed through the Humanitarian Programme.
The Humanitarian Programme has two important functions:
- the onshore protection/asylum component fulfils Australia's international obligations by offering protection to people already in Australia who are found to be refugees according to the United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees
- the offshore resettlement component expresses Australia's commitment to refugee protection by going beyond these obligations and offering resettlement to people overseas for whom this is the most appropriate option.
The onshore component of the Humanitarian Programme aims to provide options for people who wish to apply for protection (or asylum) after arrival in Australia.
More information on the onshore component of the programme is available on the Department's website.
See: Onshore – Protection
The offshore resettlement component comprises two categories of permanent visas. These are:
Refugee-for people who are subject to persecution in their home country, who are typically outside their home country, and are in need of resettlement. The majority of applicants who are considered under this category are identified and referred by UNHCR to Australia for resettlement. The Refugee category includes the Refugee, In-country Special Humanitarian, Emergency Rescue and Woman at Risk visa subclasses.
Special Humanitarian Programme (SHP)-for people outside their home country who are subject to substantial discrimination amounting to gross violation of human rights in their home country, and immediate family of persons who have been granted protection in Australia. Applications for entry under the SHP must be supported by a proposer who is an Australian citizen, permanent resident or eligible New Zealand citizen, or an organisation that is based in Australia.
See: Proposing an applicant
Note: People who arrived as an Illegal Maritime Arrival on or after 13 August 2012 are no longer eligible to propose their family under the Humanitarian Programme. People in these circumstances can apply under the family stream of the Migration Programme.
Composition of the offshore resettlement programme
The size and composition of Australia's resettlement programme are influenced by a number of factors. These include:
- UNHCR assessments of the resettlement needs of refugees overseas
- the views of individuals and organisations in Australia conveyed during community consultations with the Minister for Immigration and Border Protection
- Australia's capacity to assist.
Outcomes of 2014–15 programme
In 2014–15, the Humanitarian Programme was set at 13 750 places. A total of 13 756 visas were granted under the Humanitarian Programme, of which 11 009 visas were granted under the offshore component and 2747 visas were granted under the onshore component. See the tables below for further details on the 2014–15 programme outcomes.
Woman at Risk
In 2014–15, 1009 visas (16.8 per cent) of the Refugee category were granted to Woman at Risk visa applicants. The Government had committed to granting at least 1000 woman at risk places in 2014–15.
In 2014–15, a total of 62 709 people lodged applications under the offshore programme component compared with 74 076 in 2013–14.
Humanitarian Programme figures
Humanitarian Programme grants by category 2010–11 to 2014–15
|Special Humanitarian Programme||2966||714||503||4507||5007|
1 Includes protection visas and onshore humanitarian visa grants that are countable under the Humanitarian Programme.
2 Data in this table is revised as at the end of the 2014-15 programme year, and may differ from previously published figures.
2014–15 offshore visa grants by top ten countries of birth
|Countries||Number of visas granted|
More information on the 2014-15 Humanitarian Programme outcomes is on the Department's website.
Humanitarian Programme statistics
More detailed statistics on the past Humanitarian Programmes are available in the Department's annual reports.
See: Departmental Annual Reports