Adopted children

    For adopted children:
  • the child must have been under 18 years of age when the adoption took place
  • one of the following requirements has been met:
    • the child was adopted in accordance with the Adoption Convention and an adoption compliance certificate is in force
    • the adoptive parent became an Australian citizen or the holder of an Australian permanent resident visa or a New Zealand citizen after the adoption took place
    • the adoptive parent was an Australian citizen or the holder of an Australian permanent resident visa or an eligible New Zealand citizen when the adoption took place, and before the adoption a state or territory authority in Australia approved the parent as a suitable adoptive parent
    • the adoption was an expatriate adoption.