The graphic below shows a pictorial representation of the current Migration Programme and the historical trend.
The purpose of migration is to build the economy, shape society, support the labour market and reunite family.
Of people migrating to Australia, 68 per cent are skilled migrants and 32 per cent are from family visa streams. This is further broken down to:
- Skill: 38 per cent employer sponsored, 34 per cent skilled independent, 22 per cent state, territory and regional nominated and 6 per cent business
- Family: 79 per cent partner, 14 per cent parent, 6 per cent child and 1 per cent other.
The migration programme size and composition is flexible and changes over time, from a smaller programme with mostly family migrants in 1993-94 to a larger programme with more skilled migrants in 2013-14. Planning levels are set by the government each year and the size and composition changes to meet the social and economic needs of Australia. Full statistics and further details are available.
Fact sheet - Australia's Migration Programme
Migration to Australia since federation: a guide to the statistics (330KB PDF)
Fact sheet - Migration Programme planning levels
Reports on Migration Programmes
Reports on the permanent Migration Programme outcomes against planning levels since programme year 2009-10, see:
Migration trend reports
The publication provides information on migration activity for the 2014–15 programme year, settlement and citizenship, the labour market integration of migrants, changes to migration policy, and characteristics of Australia's population, which includes an overview of migration to Australia’s states and territories.
Release date: December 2016
The report contains information on migration activity for the 2013-14 programme year, characteristics of Australia's population, settlement and citizenship, the labour market integration of migrants and changes to migration policy over the year.
Release date: June 2015
The report contains information on migration activity for the 2012–13 programme year, characteristics of Australia's population, settlement and citizenship, the labour market integration of migrants and changes to migration policy over the year.
Release date: October 2014
Information on the characteristics of Australia's population, the composition of Australia's immigration programs, the economics of migration and the movement of people into and out of Australia.
Release date: May 2013
The report contains analysis and commentary on migration activity for the 2010–11 program year, concentrating on the flows of temporary and permanent migrants and on emigration, return migration and illegal migration. The publication is an annual submission to the OECD's Continuous Reporting System on Migration (SOPEMI).
Release date: February 2012